EV Charging

  1. Electric Vehicle (EV): A vehicle that operates entirely on electric power, relying on batteries or other energy storage systems to power an electric motor.
  2. EV Charging Station: A designated location equipped with charging infrastructure where EVs can connect to recharge their batteries.
  3. Level 1 Charging: The slowest form of EV charging, typically using a standard household outlet (120 volts) to charge the vehicle. Best suited for overnight charging.
  4. Level 2 Charging: A faster form of EV charging, using a 240-volt power source. Common in public spaces and homes, providing higher charging rates than Level 1.
  5. DC Fast Charging (DCFC) / Level 3 Charging: The fastest form of EV charging, using direct current (DC) to rapidly charge the vehicle's battery. Commonly installed along highways for long-distance travel.
  6. Charge Point / Charging Port: The physical connector on an EV where the charging cable plugs in to recharge the vehicle.
  7. Charging Cable: The cable used to connect the EV to the charging station. Different EV models may require specific types of charging cables.
  8. Kilowatt-Hour (kWh): A unit of measurement for electricity consumption, used to determine the amount of energy consumed during charging.
  9. Charging Rate / Charging Speed: The speed at which the EV's battery recharges, usually measured in kilowatts (kW) or miles of range per hour.
  10. Charging Network / Charging Service Provider: A company or organization that operates and maintains a network of charging stations, providing charging services to EV users.
  11. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV): A type of hybrid vehicle that can be charged from an external power source and has both an electric motor and an internal combustion engine.
  12. Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV): An EV that relies solely on electric power from its battery and does not have a backup internal combustion engine.
  13. Charging Session: The duration during which an EV is connected to a charging station and actively charging its battery.
  14. EV Parking Space / Charging Space: A designated parking spot equipped with an EV charging station to allow for charging while parked.
  15. RFID Card / Mobile App: Methods used by EV drivers to initiate and pay for charging sessions at public charging stations, using radio-frequency identification or mobile applications.
  16. Charging Etiquette: The practice of being considerate of other EV drivers by not occupying charging stations longer than necessary and moving the vehicle once charging is complete.
  17. Demand Response: A mechanism where EV charging can be managed or scheduled during peak electricity demand to balance grid loads and reduce stress on the power system.
  18. Charging Infrastructure: The network of charging stations and associated equipment that enables EV charging at various locations.
  19. Site Owner / Site Host / Location Host: The entity, natural or legal person, that owns or operates the location where charge points are installed, such as retail chains, restaurants, business centers, parking operators, municipalities, etc.
  20. EV Driver: A person who is driving an EV (electric vehicle) and is using charging services at home, at work, and in various public or private places.
  21. Charge Point Operator (CPO): An entity that installs, manages, and ensures optimal operations of chargers/stations from one or more manufacturers. They offer diagnostics, maintenance, pricing, and other value-added services for smooth network operation.
  22. Charge Point Installer (CPI): Charge point installers usually sell, commission, and maintain charger points for location owners (charge point hosts). They may also offer EV charging software solutions to customers.
  23. Electro-mobility Service Provider (eMSP): eMSPs offer EV charging services to EV drivers, providing access to a large pool of charging points around a geographic area. They offer charger location information, payment capabilities, and more.
  24. Roaming Network Operator (RNO): The RNO operates a platform to exchange charging data between CPOs and eMSPs, enabling EV roaming and access to charging stations from different providers.
  25. Electric Vehicle Service Provider (EVSP): The EVSP provides network charging stations connectivity, managing backend software, databases, and communications for stations' operations.
  26. Electric Vehicle Fleet Operator: The EV fleet operator is responsible for the management and control of EV vehicle fleet charging, ensuring maximum availability and utilization of vehicles.
  27. OEM – Original Equipment Manufacturer / Automobile Manufacturer: The manufacturer and seller of vehicles, vehicle parts, and related services, often used for EV manufacturers.
  28. Electricity Supplier: The entity sourcing energy in wholesale and selling it to end and large customers.
  29. Distribution Network Operator (DNO): A company licensed to distribute electricity, owning and operating the system of cables and towers that bring electricity to residential homes and businesses.
  30. Private Charging: Privately owned charging stations not accessible to the public, such as home charging, multi-dwelling buildings, business premises, and other private parking areas.
  31. Public Charging: Charging infrastructure in public spaces accessible to everyone, such as public streets, highways, and squares.
  32. Semi-public Charging: Charging offered in privately-owned publicly accessible facilities, such as shopping malls, supermarkets, city and commercial parking lots.
  33. Smart Charging: The ability to manage, monitor, and restrict EV charging to optimize energy based on local consumption demand, load balancing, and energy monitoring.
  34. Smart Energy Management: A solution that optimizes the charging infrastructure and energy resources, managing energy consumption, providing optimal demand response, and ensuring efficient EV charging.
  35. ISO 15118: An international standard outlining the digital communication protocol between EV charging stations and central management systems.
  36. Plug & Charge (ISO 15118): A technology allowing automatic authentication and billing without the need for an RFID card or mobile app. The EV communicates with the charging station using a digital certificate.
  37. Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G): A technology enabling bidirectional energy flow between an EV's battery and the charging station, allowing energy to be sent back to the grid or to a building for optimal energy management.
  38. Open Charge Point Protocol (OCPP): An application protocol for communication between EV charging stations and central management systems, even when produced by different vendors.
  39. Open Charge Point Interface (OCPI): A protocol for exchanging information about charge points between CPOs and eMSPs, enabling scalable EV roaming.
  40. Open Smart Charging Protocol (OCSP): A protocol for communication between a charge point management system and the site owner's energy management system.
  41. Charging Management System (LMS): Software controlling the charging process in an EV.
  42. Ultra-Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV): A car with official tailpipe carbon dioxide emissions of less than 75g/km, eligible for grants and benefits from the government.
  43. State of Charge (SOC): The equivalent of a fuel gauge for the battery pack in an EV, indicating the percentage of charge remaining.
  44. Battery Management System (BMS): A system in an EV that monitors the battery and ensures its optimal performance.
  45. Charging Management System (LMS): A system controlling the charging process in an EV.